Title: Raman scattering at the nanoscale
Luiz Gustavo Cançado
(Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)
The advent of nanomaterials has brought several challenges on the materials' characterization framework. These challenges open for opportunities on the development of instruments capable to overcome today's technological limitations. In optical spectroscopy, diffraction mimics the capacity of conventional optical setups to extract spectral information at the nanoscale. In this seminar, I will present recent advances on the development of a near-field Raman spectroscopy system, taking place in LabNS, the Nanospectroscopy Lab of the Department of Physics, UFMG. The instrument allows for the investigation of local properties in individual graphene nanoflakes and twisted bilayer graphene, and the information extracted from this local analysis is useful to understand statistical results extracted from measurements performed in the micro and macro scales. Supporting the instrument's technology, we have developed a new scattering-type near-field probe formed by a micro-pyramidal body whose length L is scalable to fine-tune localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) modes. These so-called plasmon-tunable tip pyramids (PTTPs) act as monopole antennas, as revealed by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The monopole character of the PTTP is a consequence of its geometry: the nanopiramidal part is electrically grounded on a flat metallic plateau that acts like a mirror providing the monopole's image that closes the dipole system. The talk ends with a discussion on the coherence properties of scattered fields in the proximity of the source (a material system illuminated by strongly focused by optical fields). I will demonstrate that the spatial extent of near-field correlations relies on local properties of the source which are inaccessible in the far field zone.
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