The research conducted in the Condensed Matter Physics Department focuses on the states of matter formed by large numbers of strongly interacting particles such as solids and liquids. The Department features both experimental and theoretical groups, including computational-physics activities. It was created in early 1970’s, initially with an emphasis on solid-state physics of semiconductors. Today, on the experimental side, in addition to semiconductor physics, most lines of research focus on the synthesis and characterization of novel materials and nanostructures, investigating their optical, magnetic, thermal, electrical and transport properties. The theoretical activities focus on a wide range of topics, including dynamical systems, complex and strongly correlated systems and materials physics in general. The activities include both fundamental research as well as applied, technology-driven efforts.